Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system.
Elephantiasis is a tropical disease caused by parasitic worms that are spread through mosquito bites.
Similarly, is elephantiasis curable? Surgical methods to treat elephantiasis are currently being researched. However, elephantiasis is generally managed instead of treated. Management of elephantiasis includes wrapping of the infected limbs to prevent further swelling, and daily washing of the limb to prevent bacterial or fungal infection.
Correspondingly, what is the main cause of elephantiasis?
Elephantiasis is also known as lymphatic filariasis. It’s caused by parasitic worms, and can spread from person to person through mosquitoes. Elephantiasis causes swelling of the scrotum, legs, or breasts. Elephantiasis is considered a neglected tropical disease (NTD).
Which insect causes elephantiasis?
Elephantiasis occurs in the presence of microscopic, thread-like parasitic worms such as Wuchereria bancrofti (the most common), Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori (also known as B. timori), all of which are transmitted by bites from infected mosquitoes. It is a type of helminth infection.
Can elephantiasis cause death?
Unexpected death in elephantiasis due to an abnormal life-style. Oligotrophia and dirt on his limbs might have exacerbated the chronic edema in elephantiasis. We concluded that a long-term abnormal life-style had caused fatal elephantiasis.
Is elephant foot disease contagious?
The presence of the worm blocks lymphatic drainage back to the heart, leading to massive fluid build-up in the affected extremities. Even in regions of the world where elephantiasis is present, it is very, very rare, and contact with an affected person is not a method for spreading the disease.
Is elephantiasis caused by fungus?
It is now recognized that the basic cause of elephantiasis is filariasis and that bacterial and fungal infections are involved in the aggravation of the disease.
Is Elephantiasis genetic?
Nonfilarial elephantiasis (or podoconiosis), an immune disease affecting the lymph vessels. Genital elephantiasis, end result of lymphogranuloma venereum. Proteus syndrome, a genetic disorder best known as the condition possibly suffered by Joseph Merrick, the so-called “Elephant Man.”
What causes lymphedema of the legs?
Lymphedema refers to swelling that generally occurs in one of your arms or legs. Lymphedema is most commonly caused by the removal of or damage to your lymph nodes as a part of cancer treatment. It results from a blockage in your lymphatic system, which is part of your immune system.
Is there a vaccine for elephantiasis?
Lymphatic filariasis is a mosquito borne parasitic infection that cause severe economic burden in several parts of the world. Currently there is no vaccine available to prevent this infection in human.
What type of mosquito causes filariasis?
Vectors of Lymphatic Filariasis A wide range of mosquitoes can transmit the parasite, depending on the geographic area. In Africa, the most common vector is Anopheles and in the Americas, it is Culex quinquefasciatus. Aedes and Mansonia can transmit the infection in the Pacific and in Asia.
What is an elephant leg?
Limbs. Supporting the elephant’s massive body are four sturdy, pillar-like legs. Although the back legs are slightly longer than the front legs, the high shoulder makes the forelimbs look longer. The back legs have knees with knee-caps, while the front leg joints are more like wrists.
Can elephantiasis kill you?
People infected with adult worms can take a yearly dose of medicine, called diethylcarbamazine (DEC), that kills the microscopic worms circulating in the blood. While this drug does not kill all of the adult worms, it does prevent infected people from giving the disease to someone else.
How do you kill filarial worms?
Treatment with high-dose albendazole (400 mg twice daily for 21 days) was effective for killing filarial worms, but this regimen caused an unacceptably high rate of local adverse events. As noted above, albendazole is usually administered in combination with either ivermectin or DEC.
How does elephantiasis affect the body?
Elephantiasis is caused by obstruction of the lymphatic system, which results in the accumulation of a fluid called lymph in the affected areas. Functioning as part of the immune system, the lymphatic system helps to protect the body against infection and disease.
What is the sign of elephant feet Disease?
The skin gets thick and hard, resembling an elephant’s skin. Although medically known as lymphatic filariasis, the term elephantiasis is commonly used because symptoms include swelling and enlargement of the arms and legs.
What is the difference between elephantiasis and filariasis?
What is elephantiasis? Lymphatic filariasis (LF), commonly known as elephantiasis is a disfiguring, disabling disease, usually acquired in childhood. Lymphatic filariasis is transmitted through mosquito bites.
How is filariasis diagnosed?
Diagnosis. The standard method for diagnosing active infection is the identification of microfilariae in a blood smear by microscopic examination. Patients with active filarial infection typically have elevated levels of antifilarial IgG4 in the blood and these can be detected using routine assays.